Climax [Klimaks] – a temporary exhibition

grafika z identyfikacją wystawy czasowej Klimaks

On 25 June, the Emigration Museum will open a new temporary exhibition entitled Climax [Klimaks]. It tells a true story, which has never before been presented in this manner: the story of the relationship between human beings and the environment from the point of view of Polish travels to South America at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. The exhibition poses a simple question – how can we build a more cooperative relationship with nature and take a new look at the history of Polish emigrants in South America from a fresh perspective?

This emigration was part of the dynamic social, economic and political processes that shaped the new world order. Has the well-known and often researched story of Polish emigration to South America been fully told? What do we know about it? Nature had an impact on the work of Polish immigrants and largely determined their culture, which – after being brought to Latin America at the turn of the 19th century – had to thrive in completely new circumstances, which shaped it, leading to the evolution of new folklore. Over time, customs, traditions, and practices entered into dialogue with the local culture, which led to mutual interpenetration.

Climax is not only a story about the fate of Polish settlers, but above all is an attempt to take a closer look at the issue of migration from a broader point of view – as a joint migration of people, plants, traditions, and ideas.

The very notion of climax refers to a point in time where a given matter is heading towards its end but has not yet reached its resolution. It paints a picture of limbo – the state where one process of change ends, making room for the next one to take place. Touching upon this notion gives rise to a new field of debate about the permanence of the places where we live and the rules that control our lives.

The exhibition encompasses a series of photographs by Marianne and Katarzyna Wąsowska, poetic works by Urszula Zajączkowska, an example of a Wardian case, and various activities of the Biodiversitatis Foundation, which deals with the protection and study of plant and animal species found in endangered forest areas in Colombia. This part is also accompanied by ‘Stanhopea Tigrina’, a film directed by Maciej Dydyński with poetic narration by Julia Fiedorczuk.

The narrative in the Waiting for the Snow photographic project by Katarzyna and Marianne Wąsowska revolves around the history of Polish settlers who went to South America. The exhibition comprises photographs taken by the authors, archive documents, and family albums from Argentina and Brazil. Then there are nine short literary forms written by Urszula Zajączkowska – a poet, botanist, and artist – which enters into a dialogue with the pictures.

The exhibition also includes a rebuilt and overhauled Wardian case – a special glass box designed by Nathaniel Bagshaw Ward in the 19th century, whose purpose was to transport plants. The new invention enabled plant specimens to be transported between continents and be grown where they never grew before.

The space dedicated to the activities of the Biodiversitatis Foundation presents several possible scenarios of change, the directions of which depend on the degree of biodiversity. It is about the whole universe of living organisms, interacting with each other as part of a network of ecosystems. The disappearance of one species can be crucial to the entire chain of dependency. We are currently witnessing a mass extinction of flora and fauna, and we are still unable to imagine what the present and future consequences of this process will be.

The exhibition is part of a broader discussion about the legacy of colonialism, the impact of the Anthropocene, as well as the ecological responsibility of museums. That is why the architectural elements of the exhibition include some reworked elements of Carboland – the previous offering.

Admission to the exhibition is free of charge.

The exhibition will be open from 25 June to 12 December 2021.

The catalog from the exhibition in PDF format will be opened for download after clicking on this text.

Find out about the availability of the temporary exhibition “Climax” [“Klimaks”].


Maksymilian Bochenek

 Waiting for the snow” photo project

Katarzyna Wąsowska

Marianne Wąsowska

Narrative texts

Urszula Zajączkowska

Photography captions

Grzegorz Labuda

Claudia Stefanetti Kojrowicz

Katarzyna Wąsowska

Marianne Wąsowska

Biodiversitatis Foundation presentation

Scientific consultations

Przemysław Baranow

Marta Kolanowska


Przemysław Baranow

Monika Górka

Marta Kolanowska

Marta Szurlej


Ryszard Laskowski

Video Stanhopea Tigrina”

Maksymilian Bochenek

Maciej Dydyński

Julia Fiedorczuk

Natalia Przybysz

Exhibition design and arrangement

Maciej Siuda Pracownia

Graphic design

Full Metal Jacket

Exhibition production

Marta Wójcicka / Stowarzyszenie Artanimacje

Exhibition coordination

Grzegorz Labuda


Monika Górka

Hanna Gryka

Exhibition accessibility

Marta Otrębska

Catalog coordination

Joanna Majchrzak

Editing and proofreading

Katarzyna Żelazek

Translation into English

Monika Bokiniec

Public relations / promotion

Michalina Domoń

Ewa Drygalska

Łukasz Leśniak

Zuzanna Sitek

Special thanks

Paulina Adamczak

Kuba Bąkowski

Klaudia Ferkaluk

Krzysztof Kapała

Rafał Raczyński

Izabela Stachowicz

Kacper Świerk

Katarzyna Wojczulanis – Jakubas

Aleksandra Zielonka

Joanna Znaniecka

Ogród Botaniczny Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego

Tropical Factory


Fundacja Biodiversitatis

Uniwersytet Gdański

Media Partners 

Gazeta Wyborcza

Notes na 6 Tygodni


Tok FM


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